4.2. Enumerate

4.2.1. Rationale

  • Enumerate sequences

  • Generator (lazy evaluated)

  • Built-in

4.2.2. Syntax

  • enumerate(*iterables)

  • required *iterables - 1 or many sequences or iterator object

4.2.3. Problem

>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>> result = []
>>>
>>> i = 0
>>>
>>> for month in months:
...     result.append((i, month))
...     i += 1
>>>
>>> result
[(0, 'January'), (1, 'February'), (2, 'March')]

4.2.4. Solution

>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>> result = enumerate(months)
>>>
>>> list(result)
[(0, 'January'), (1, 'February'), (2, 'March')]

4.2.5. Lazy Evaluation

>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>> result = enumerate(months)
>>>
>>> next(result)
(0, 'January')
>>> next(result)
(1, 'February')
>>> next(result)
(2, 'March')
>>> next(result)
Traceback (most recent call last):
StopIteration

4.2.6. Dict Conversion

>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>> result = enumerate(months)
>>>
>>> dict(result)
{0: 'January', 1: 'February', 2: 'March'}
>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>> result = enumerate(months, start=1)
>>>
>>> dict(result)
{1: 'January', 2: 'February', 3: 'March'}
>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>> result = {f'{i:02}':month for i,month in enumerate(months, start=1)}
>>>
>>> print(result)
{'01': 'January', '02': 'February', '03': 'March'}

4.2.7. Using in a loop

>>> months = ['January', 'February', 'March']
>>>
>>> for i, month in enumerate(months, start=1):
...     print(f'{i} -> {month}')
1 -> January
2 -> February
3 -> March

4.2.8. Assignments

Todo

Create assignments